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Aluminum welding wire rod

Aluminum welding wire rods are widely used as filler materials for aluminum alloy argon arc welding and gas welding. The selection of welding wire should be based on the type of welding target, and the requirements of joint crack resistance, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance should be considered comprehensively. Under normal circumstances, welding aluminum and aluminum alloys are welded with the same or similar grade of welding wire as the welding target. For example, if the welding target alloy is 1060, then we need to use 1060 aluminum welding wire, if the welding target is 5183 or 5 series Aluminum alloy, then if we choose aluminum welding wire rods, we can choose 5183 aluminum welding wire, the aluminum welding color is similar to 5183 alloy, such as aluminum mig welding wire 5356, 5554 aluminum welding wire, 5556 aluminum welding wire, which can get better corrosion resistance. However, if the welding target is heat-treated-strengthened aluminum alloy with a high tendency of welding hot cracking, the choice of welding wire is mainly to solve the crack resistance. At this time, the composition of the welding wire is very different from the composition of the welding target.

Features of aluminum welding wire & rod

1. Aluminum electrode has good fluidity, low price and excellent process performance;

2. Aluminum electrode has a low melting point, good wettability and the ability to fill gaps;

3, aluminum electrode has high strength, good plasticity, conductivity and corrosion resistance;

Aluminum welding wire types

Aluminum welding wire can be brazed by melting argon arc welding (MIG welding), tungsten argon arc welding (TIG welding), gas welding and plasma arc welding.

Argon arc welding is a more perfect method for welding aluminum and aluminum alloys. Due to the protective effect of argon and the cathodic crushing effect of argon ions on the oxide film, argon arc welding can eliminate the need for flux, which avoids the corrosion of the joints by residues after welding.

In addition, the argon flow scouring the welding area during welding significantly cools the joint, thereby improving the structure and performance of the joint. TIG welding or MIG welding can be used for argon arc welding. MIG and TIG welding methods mainly use pure Ar as the shielding gas. Thin plate structures are generally welded by hand TIG, while thick plates are welded by MIG. In TIG welding, AC power is generally used, while DC reverse connection is used in MIG welding. According to the different welding methods, we use different aluminum welding wire types. If it is MIG welding, aluminum mig welding wire is required, and if it is TIG welding, aluminum tig welding wire is required.

Aluminum MIG welding wire

Aluminum mig welding wire is the aluminum welding wire used when the MIG welding method is adopted. MIG (Metal Inert-Gas Welding) welding is molten inert gas shielded arc welding, which uses inert gas such as Ar as the main protective gas, including pure Ar or Ar A small amount of active gas (such as less than 2% O2 or less than 5% CO2 gas) is mixed with a small amount of active gas in the gas to carry out the welding method of molten electrode arc welding. When MIG welding aluminum, because the melting speed of the aluminum welding wire is very fast, the wire feeding speed is high; the aluminum welding wire has low rigidity and is relatively soft. When welding, the thin welding wire is easy to bend, which affects the normal welding. Therefore, aluminum mig welding wire is generally used. MIG welding wire is generally coiled or disk-shaped.

Chalco's aluminum mig welding wire for sale:

aluminum MIG welding wire size chart
Plate thickness or fillet weld size 
(mm)
Seam type Welding wire diameter 
(mm)
Current(A) Voltage(V) Wire feeding speed 
(cm/min)
Gas flow 
(L/min)
Number of weld passes Welding speed per pass
(cm/min)
1、 2 I-shaped groove butt joint, fillet welding 0.8 50 12-14 680-780 14 1 42-60
2 I groove and fillet weld 0.8 55-60 12-14 750-810 14 1 42-60
2 I groove and fillet weld 1.2 110-125 19-21 444-468 14 1 48-66
2、 4 I groove and fillet weld 0.8 90-100 14-18 840-942 14 1 60-90
3、 2 fillet weld 0.8 110-125 19-22 1044-1170 14 1 48-60
3 I-shaped groove 1.2 110-125 20-24 444-480 19 1 48-60
5 I groove and fillet weld 1.2 160-195 20-24 546-570 19 1 48-66
6 Fillet welding 1.2 160-195 20-24 546-570 19 1 48-66
6 V-shaped groove 1.6 175-225 22-26 378-498 19 3 48-66
10 V-shaped groove and fillet weld 1.6 200-300 22-26 432-696 19 2-5 66-78
12 V-shaped groove and fillet weld 1.6 220-230 22-27 498-522 19 3-8 30-48
12 X-shaped groove 2.4 320-340 22-29 354-384 21 2-5 36-42
20 X-shaped groove 1.6 255-275 22-27 582-636 24 4-10 18-48
20 X-shaped groove 2.4 355-375 22-29 360-408 24 4-10 12-42
25 X-shaped groove 1.6 255-290 22-27 582-672 24 4-14 18-48
25 X-shaped groove 2.4 405-425 22-27 444-456 24 4-8 18-30

Aluminum Tig welding rod & wire

Aluminum TIG welding rod wire is the aluminum welding wire used when TIG welding method is adopted. TIG (tungsten inert gas welding) welding is a welding method with pure Ar as shielding gas and tungsten electrode as electrode. aluminum TIG welding rods are supplied in straight strips of a certain length (usually 1m). If TIG welding is adopted, aluminum TIG welding rod wire shall be adopted accordingly. Our company can develop and produce aluminum TIG and MIG welding wires according to user requirements.

TIG welding

Chalco's aluminum TIG welding rods for sale:

aluminum TIg welding wire size chart

Plate thickness or fillet weld size 

(mm)

Seam type

Tungsten electrode diameter

mm

Welding wire diameter 
(mm)
Nozzle size (inner diameter)
 mm
Shielding gas flow
 L/min
Welding current (AC)
 A
Number of weld passes Welding speed per welding pass
 cm/min
1.2 I-shaped groove and fillet weld 1.6 1.6 6-10 9.4 40-60 1 36-46
1.6 I-shaped groove and fillet weld 2.4 2.4 8-10 9.4 70-90 1 18-30
2.4 I-shaped groove and fillet weld 2.4 2.4 8-10 9.4 95-15 1 24-30
3 I-shaped groove and fillet weld 3 3 10 9.4 120-140 1 23-30
5 Fillet weld 4 4 11-12.7 11.8 160-200 1 23-30
5 V-shaped groove 4 4 11-12.7 11.8 160-180 2 24-30
6 Fillet weld 5 5 11-12.7 14 230-250 1 18-28
6 V-shaped groove 5 5 11-12.7 14 200-220 2 18-28
10 V-shaped groove 5 5 12.7 16.5 250-310 2-3 23-28
12 V-shaped or U-shaped groove 6 6 16 16.5 400-470 3-4 15

In the welding process, you must select the appropriate aluminum welding rod wire. Different aluminum plates have different requirements for aluminum welding rod wire. You need to select aluminum welding rods wires that match the compression and tensile capabilities. The aluminum welding rods wires commonly used on ships are determined by the marine aluminum plate alloy. Usually 5000 series aluminum alloy and 6000 series aluminum alloy, the commonly used aluminum welding rod wire models are 5183, 5356 and 5556 aluminum-magnesium welding rods wires.

Alloy Typical composition in %
Si Fe Cu Mn Mg Cr Zn Be Ti Others Others Total
1060 0.25 0.35 0.05 0.03 0.03 / 0.05 <0.0003 0.03 <0.05 <0.15
ER4043 4.5-6.0 0.8 0.3 0.05 0.05 / 0.1 <0.0003 0.2 <0.05 <0.15
ER4047 11.0-13.0 0.8 0.3 0.15 0.1 / 0.2 <0.0003 / <0.05 <0.15
ER5183 <0.4 <0.4 <0.1 0.05—1.0 4.30—5.20 0.05—0.25 <0.25 <0.0003 <0.15 <0.05 <0.15
ER5356 <0.25 <0.4 <0.1 0.05—2.0 4.5—5.5 0.05—0.2 <0.1 <0.0003 <0.06-0.2 <0.05 <0.15
ER5556 <0.25 <0.4 <0.1 0.6—1.0 4.7—5.5 0.05—0.2 <0.2 <0.0003 <0.05-0.2 <0.05 <0.15

Physical properties 
Alloy ER5183 ER5356 ER5556
 
 
 
Physical properties
(Approx.Values)
yield strength 
Rpo2 (Mpa)
125 110 125
Tensile Strength 
Rm (Mpa)
275 240 275
Elongation A5 
(L0=5d0) (%)
17 17 17
Test 
Temperature (℃)
20 20 20
 
Classification
GB/T 10858-2008  
AWS A5.10
GB/T 10858-2008
 HS 331
AWS A5.10
GB/T 10858-2008    AWS A5.10·
Shielding gas Argon,Helium,Argon/Helium—mixtures
 
Common size
(Dimensions) Φ
MIG 
Rods (mm)
0.8 ; 0.9 ; 1.0 ; 1.2 ; 1.6 ; 2.0 ; 2.4
TIG 
rods(mm)
1.6 ; 2.0 ; 2.4 ; 3.2 ; 4.0 ; 5.0 ; 6.0
 
Wire rods’s
Packagings
 
MIG 
Rods (mm)
S100/0.5kg 1Lb ,
S200/2kg ,
S270-S300/6kg-7kg
 
TIG 
rods(mm)
5/10kg
length :1000mm
 
 
Features
Corrosion resistance and high strength. For aluminum alloy argon arc welding. Corrosion resistance, high strength and great versatility. For aluminum alloy argon arc welding. Corrosion resistance, high strength, suitable for welding 5000 series & 6000 series aluminum alloys.

5356 aluminum welding wire & rods

The 5356 aluminum-magnesium alloy welding wire is specially designed for welding series alloys and for welding where the chemical composition of the filler alloy is close to that of the base metal. Aluminum alloy welding wire has good corrosion resistance and color matching after anodizing. 5356 magnesium-aluminum alloy welding wire is aluminum-magnesium welding wire with higher than 5% magnesium and higher manganese content. It has a higher height, good corrosion resistance and thermal crack resistance. The weld seam is white after anodizing, which can provide a good color matching for the welded joint. This series of aluminum welding wire is used for high-magnesium aluminum alloy argon arc welding filler welding material. Henan Chalco, as a manufacturer of aluminum welding wire, has long-term and stable supply of aluminum welding wire manufacturers for wholesale sales at preferential prices and a full range of aluminum welding wire specifications.

5356 aluminum welding wire chemical composition
Si Fe Cu Mn Mg Cr Zn Ti Be Other Al
single total
≤0.25 ≤0.4 ≤0.10 0.5-0.25 4.3-5.5 0.05-0.20 ≤0.1 0.06-0.20 ≤0.0003 ≤0.05 ≤0.15 Rem.

features of 5356 aluminum welding wire

Melting range 1060-1175°F
Conductivity 29%lACS(O)
27%lACS(H18)
Density 2.66g/mm³
Corrosion resistance A(Gen)C(SCC)
Thermal expansion coefficient(20℃~300℃) 23.7×10¯⁶/K
Thermal conductivity(20℃) 110-150W/m.k

5356 aluminum welding wire specifications and packaging


 Type
Typical diameter/mm
 
Length/mm Reference packaging/Kg
wire(MIG) 0.8 / 0.9 / 1.0 / 1.2 / 1.6 / 2.4   0.5 / 2 / 5 / 6 / 7
rod(TIG) 1.6 / 2.0 / 2.4 / 3.0 / 3.2 / 4.0 / 5.0 1000 5 / 10 / 20
Hollow roll 2.4 / 3.0 / 3.2 / 4.0   8~15

5554 aluminum welding wire

5554 aluminum welding wire is also called 5554 aluminum alloy welding wire and aluminum-magnesium welding wire. Henan Chalco has a large number of aluminum welding wires in stock: magnesium content 2.4-3.0, manganese content 0.5-1.0, it is an alloy developed as a matching welding wire for 5554 alloy. Mainly used for welding 5454 alloy, with medium welding strength. Due to its good chemical composition matching with the 5554 mother board, its welded joints still maintain good stress corrosion resistance at a certain temperature. Henan Chalco, as a manufacturer of aluminum welding wire, has long-term stable supply of aluminum welding wire manufacturers for wholesale sales at preferential prices and a full range of aluminum welding wire specifications.

5554 aluminum welding wire chemical composition
Si Fe Cu Mn Mg Cr Zn Ti Zr Be Other Al
single total
≤0.25 ≤0.4 ≤0.10 0.5-0.10 2.5-3.0 0.05-0.20 ≤0.25 0.05-0.20 -- ≤0.0003 ≤0.05 ≤0.15 Rem.


Melting range 1055-1195°F
Density 2.68g/mm³
Corrosion resistance A(Gen)A(SCC)
Thermal expansion coefficient(20℃~300℃) 23.7×10¯⁶/K
Color after anodizing white

5554 aluminum welding wire specifications and packaging

Type
 
Typical diameter/mm
 
Length/mm Reference packaging/Kg
wire(MIG) 0.8 / 0.9 / 1.0 / 1.2 / 1.6 / 2.4   0.5 / 2 / 5 / 6 / 7
rod(TIG) 1.6 / 2.0 / 2.4 / 3.0 / 3.2 / 4.0 / 5.0 1000 5 / 10 / 20
hollow roll 2.4 / 3.0 / 3.2 / 4.0   8~15

5556 aluminum welding wire & rods

5556 aluminum-magnesium alloy welding wire is also made into 5556 aluminum welding wire, which contains 5% magnesium, 0.8% manganese, and contains a small amount of Cr and Ti elements. This series of aluminum alloy welding wire has high strength, high crack resistance, bending resistance and corrosion resistance. 5556 aluminum-magnesium alloy welding wire can be used in marine engineering, special vehicles, ships and military industries.

Aluminum alloy welding wire

Compared with 5356 alloy, 5556 aluminum alloy welding wire has higher magnesium content and manganese content, and has good strength, toughness, processability, weldability and stress corrosion resistance. It is usually used for higher welding strength. The 5000 series aluminum alloys, such as 5083, 5456, 5654 alloys, etc., are also suitable for welding parts of 6000 series and 7000 series deformed aluminum alloys. Typical application areas of 5556 aluminum-magnesium alloy welding wire include shipbuilding, liquid-air products, pressure vessels, auto parts, military, containers, industrial structural parts and other industries.


5556 aluminum welding wire chemical composition
Si Fe Cu Mn Mg Cr Zn Ti Zr Be other Al
single total
≤0.25 ≤0.4 ≤0.10 0.5-0.10 4.7-5.5 0.05-0.20 ≤0.25 0.05-0.20 -- ≤0.0003 ≤0.05 ≤0.15 Rem.

features of 5556 aluminum welding wire

Melting range 1055-1175°F
Conductivity 16-19Ω·m/mm2
Density 2.66g/mm³
Corrosion resistance A(Gen)C(SCC)
Thermal expansion coefficient(20℃~300℃) 23.7×10¯⁶/K
Color after anodizing white

5356 aluminum welding wire's specifications and packaging

Type
 
Typical diameter/mm
 
Length/mm Reference packaging/Kg
wire(MIG) 0.8 / 0.9 / 1.0 / 1.2 / 1.6 / 2.4   0.5 / 2 / 5 / 6 / 7
rod(TIG) 1.6 / 2.0 / 2.4 / 3.0 / 3.2 / 4.0 / 5.0 1000 5 / 10 / 20
Hollow roll 2.4 / 3.0 / 3.2 / 4.0   8~15

Aluminum flux core welding wire & rods

aluminum flux core wire welding is also called aluminum alloy brazing sheet. When brazing aluminum alloy using brazing under vacuum, vacuum brazing, flame brazing, high frequency brazing, etc., it is supplemented with aluminum brazing solvent. (Commonly known as aluminum solder) will work better together. When the aluminum alloy is brazed, the difference between the melting points of the brazing material and the weldment is very small, so it is more accurate in terms of temperature adjustment than other brazing requirements.

Aluminum welding wire manufacturer & supplier in China

Henan Chalco has domestic advanced aluminum welding wire manufacturing equipment, and mature and stable production technology to ensure that the finished aluminum welding wire has strict internal materials, clean and bright surfaces, and good wire feeding and arc performance.

The aluminum welding wire we produce is widely used, such as shipbuilding, radiator, automobile industry, etc. The product categories include flux-cored aluminum welding wire, MIG aluminum welding wire, TIG aluminum welding wire, aluminum alloy welding rod, aluminum alloy including ER5356 aluminum welding wire (aluminum welding rod), ER5183 aluminum welding wire (aluminum welding rod), ER5556, ER5554 aluminum welding wire (aluminum welding rod) and other types of aluminum alloy welding wire. The product specifications are complete, 0.35 aluminum welding wire, 3/64 aluminum welding wire, .035 aluminum welding wire are all available, in addition, we can also customize aluminum welding wire according to customer needs.

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